Africa is the world's second largest and second most populous continent, after Asia. The continent holds almost 1400 endemic bird species. About 10% of the continent’s bird species are threatened.
Escalating human activities (e.g. agricultural expansion and intensification, logging, unsustainable exploitation, urban expansion and habitat alteration, industrialization and resultant pollution), pose major threats to biodiversity. Pressure from human activities is considered as one of the factors that have contributed to the high rate of habitat loss and degradation, and high number of threatened species within the region.